Thursday, July 2, 2015

Rose Water and Rose Products

I will be adding to this post.

A problem in identifying a reaction to a product or ingredient can be labeling, which can have different names for identical ingredients. A significant problem is company, quack use of preliminary, and older animal, and questionable human studies to make false or misleading claims, with no cautions. 

With the "jury still out" on health benefits, safety, and dosage, there is NO reason to ingest a rose water drink at all, and cautions are warranted with other products!


"International Fragrance Association"
Click on "Methyl eugenol"
then scroll down here,
to "Note Box" under it highlighted for current restrictions.
"Critical effect ... CARCINOGENICITY"
& "frequently asked questions"

"METHYL EUGENOL" "(d) Other leave-on products and oral products ..."Maximum concentration in ready for use preparation ... (d) 0.0002% ... v.3"

"EF Cosmetics Safety Problem and unsafe ingredients" EU "Methyl eugenol is a suspect carcinogen ... Rose oil or absolute is the most common culprit ... "Products containing mostly rose water can also fall foul of the regulations"


"Rosa damascena as holy ancient herb with novel applications", color and bolding added by me
"Rose essential oil may cause sensitization in sensitive persons. ... R. damascena infusion ... may have hepatotoxic effects at extraordinary high doses. ... Although, many studies demonstrate the medicinal applications of rose in vitro and in animal models ... other large preclinical and clinical studies are needed for evaluating its potencies on different patients." = UNPROVEN therapeutic benefits in people! 


"Assessment report on Rosa gallica L., Rosa centifolia L., Rosa damascena Mill., flos", color and bolding added by me
"In conclusion, traditional herbal medicinal products containing Rose flower ... can be registered in the following indications: 1) Traditional herbal medicinal product ... mild inflammations of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa ... 2) relief of minor skin inflammation ... in the absence of sufficient data ... use is intended only in adolescents, adults and elderly ... not recommended during pregnancy and lactation ... no available data on genotoxicity, carcinogenicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity on Rose flower" See also "The indications adopted by HMPC" "The use in children under 12 years of age is not recommended."


"Essential Oil Chemical Diversity of Forty-Four Rosa damascena Accessions from Iran" 
"Results showed that the essential oils of these accessions had considerable variabilities for major and minor components."

"A preliminary study on some potential toxic effects of Rosa damascena Mill", a study on dogs, bolding added by me
"Recent studies suggest a wide variety of therapeutic effects for R. damascena ... little is known regarding potential toxic effects of this herbal medicine ... results suggest minimal nephrotoxic or hepatotoxic effects for the infusion of R. damascena ... however, the medication may be hepatotoxic at extraordinary high doses ... Further research is needed to identify the potentially toxic ingredients
Interesting and honest


"Contact dermatitis from geraniol in Bulgarian rose oil", color added by me
"at approximately 20% in Bulgarian rose oil" 

"In human patch test gerianol ... 32% concn was severely irritating ... 1979"


"Allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to essential oils.", full text, color and bolding added by me
"Keywords: Bulgarian rose oil; hand dermatitis; lavender oil; natural therapist; occupational skin disease; ylang ylang oil ... Allergic contact dermatitis from the topical use of essential oils is not widely recognized as an occupational hazard. Four cases of allergic contact dermatitis to essential oils occurring in three aromatherapists and one chemist with a particular interest in aromatherapy are described ... Case 2 exhibited
sensitivity to geraniol" And from "Table 1 Results of patch tests" all 4 Cases tested positive (sensitivity) to Bulgarian rose oil. 

"Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Cosmetics", color and bolding added by me
"In our series, we found 55 positive patch test results to perfumes ... 33 fragrances that caused sensitization from the specific series were geraniol (7 cases), hydroxycitronellal (4 cases) ... oak moss absolute (2 cases), eugenol (2 cases), Bulgarian rose oil (2 cases)

"Your patch testing results indicate that you have a contact allergy to ROSA DAMASCENA EXTRACT ... important that you familiarize yourself with this chemical and take steps to avoid coming in contact with it ... can be identified by different names, including: Absolute bulgarian, Rose Oil, Rose De Mai oil, Attar of Rose, Rose oil, Bulgarian, Rose leaf oil ... This may not be a complete list as manufacturers introduce and delete chemicals from their product lines." 

Updated 2016

"Fragrance mix allergy", color and bolding added by me
"Fragrance mix is a mixture of 8 individual fragrances that is used to screen for fragrance allergy. The 8 listed are the most common allergy-causing fragrances that are used across many products for their fragrant and flavouring properties ... Geraniol ... Sweet floral odour of rose ... Constitutes a large portion of rose and palmarose oil, geranium oil, lavender oil, jasmine oil and citronella oil ... Present in over 250 essential oils"  


"Contact Dermatitis: A Practice Parameter - Update 2015", bolding added by me, @AAAAI_org
"These parameters are not designed for use by the pharmaceutical industry in drug development or promotion ... Botanicals” (such as tea tree oil, propolis, and other essential oils) are plant extracts ... increasingly used as additives to skin care products and are potential causes of CD. It is important that patients who are allergic to fragrance also be made aware of the potential dangers of cosmetic products that may contain plant extracts and patients should also be counseled that “natural products” does not equate with safety."


"Essential Oils: A Poor Choice for Asthma (and a few other things)", color and some bolding added by me, @chadhayesmd
"Asthma can also be triggered by “volatile organic compounds,” one example of which would be essential oils. Advising parents to treat asthma by diffusing essential oils is dangerous and irresponsible, and it demonstrates a tremendous lack of understanding about the disease. ... promoting unproven treatments for serious medical conditions amounts to practicing medicine without a license, which is illegal as well as dangerous ... As a physician, it scares me. ... because there are people out there treating serious conditions that they know nothing about with treatments that have no data to show that they are safe or effectivebecause our children’s health is at risk." 


"Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Plant Extracts in Cosmetics", bolding added by me 
"Specific botanicals implicated in causing cosmetic contact dermatitis include ... tea tree oil, peppermint, lavender, lichens, henna ... many plant extracts ... reported to cause allergic contact dermatitis through cosmetic use in one or a limited number of reports. These include Aloe vera ... Azadirachta indica oil (neem oil) ... Curcuma longa (tumeric) ... Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) ... Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) ... Olea europaea oil (olive oil) ... Ricinus communis oil (castor oil plant) ... Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) ... Simmondsia chinensis (jojoba) ... Thymus vulgaris (thyme)" Note: "tumeric" should read turmeric.


"Occupational Acute Anaphylactic Reaction to Assault by Perfume Spray in the Face", bolding added by me
"no history of rashes, wheezing, allergies, or reactions to fragrances, soaps, or perfumes, and there was no history of asthma or eczema ... anaphylactic reaction and respiratory distress as a result of a deliberate assault with a perfume spray ... many organic compounds present in perfumes have been documented to cause or exacerbate asthma, eczema, or dermatitis. This case represents an incident of acute asthmatic symptoms in a person with pollen allergies when exposed to a large amount of perfume"